Giza is a city located on the outskirts of Cairo that is famous for its incredible pyramids and rich history. If you’re planning a trip to Egypt, then Giza is a must-visit destination. In this article, we’ll take a look at the top ten most exciting things to do in Giza for an unforgettable experience.
Explore the Great Pyramids of Giza
The Great Pyramids of Giza are perhaps the most famous landmarks in Egypt, and they’re definitely worth exploring. Located on the outskirts of Cairo, the pyramids are a testament to the ingenuity and skill of the ancient Egyptians. The pyramids were built as tombs for pharaohs and their consorts and were believed to house their souls in the afterlife.
There are three main pyramids to visit: the Pyramid of Khufu, the Pyramid of Khafre, and the Pyramid of Menkaure. Each pyramid has its own unique history and architecture, and they all offer stunning views of the surrounding desert.
The Great Pyramid of Khufu
The Great Pyramid of Khufu is the largest of the three pyramids and was built over 4,500 years ago. It stands at an impressive 146 meters tall and is made up of over 2 million stone blocks. The pyramid is a marvel of engineering and architecture and is definitely worth visiting.
Visitors can explore the pyramid’s interior, which includes a series of chambers and passages. The burial chamber is located deep within the pyramid and was once adorned with precious jewels and treasures. Although these treasures were looted long ago, the pyramid’s interior still offers a glimpse into the ancient Egyptian belief in the afterlife.
The Pyramid of Khafre
The Pyramid of Khafre is the second-largest pyramid and is located next to the Great Pyramid. It is unique in that it still has the remains of its original limestone casing, giving visitors a glimpse into how the pyramids would have looked when they were first constructed thousands of years ago. The pyramid also features an impressive mortuary temple, which would have been used for funeral ceremonies and offerings to the pharaoh’s spirit.
Visitors can also see the Great Sphinx, which is located near the Pyramid of Khafre. The Sphinx is a statue of a mythical creature with the body of a lion and the head of a human. It is believed to have been built during the reign of the pharaoh Khafre and is a popular attraction for visitors.
The Pyramid of Menkaure
The smallest of the three pyramids is the Pyramid of Menkaure, which stands at 65 meters tall. Despite its size, it still offers incredible views and a glimpse into Giza’s rich history. Visitors can explore the pyramid’s interior, which includes a series of chambers and passages. Although the pyramid is smaller than the other two, it is still an impressive feat of engineering and architecture.
Overall, a visit to the Great Pyramids of Giza is a must-see for anyone interested in ancient history and architecture. The pyramids are a testament to the skill and ingenuity of the ancient Egyptians and offer a glimpse into their beliefs and way of life.
Marvel at the Great Sphinx
The Great Sphinx is another iconic landmark in Giza and is located just a short distance from the pyramids. This incredible statue has the head of a human and the body of a lion and stands at 20 meters tall. The history behind the Sphinx is fascinating, and it’s definitely worth learning about during your visit.
The History of the Sphinx
The Sphinx was built over 4,500 years ago during the reign of Pharaoh Khafre. It is believed to represent the pharaoh himself, as it bears his likeness. The construction of the Sphinx was no easy feat, as it required a team of skilled workers to carve the massive statue out of a single piece of limestone. The Sphinx has stood the test of time and has become a symbol of ancient Egyptian civilization.
There are many theories about why the Sphinx was built and what it symbolizes. Some believe that it was built as a guardian of the pyramids, while others think that it was meant to represent the sun god Ra. Still, others believe that the Sphinx was built to commemorate a great victory or to serve as a warning to enemies of Egypt. Despite the many theories, the true purpose of the Sphinx remains a mystery to this day.
The Sphinx Temple
The Sphinx Temple is located directly in front of the Sphinx and is another fascinating piece of ancient architecture. The temple was built during the reign of Khafre and was used for various ceremonies and rituals. Visitors can explore the temple and learn about its history and purpose.
The Sphinx Temple is made up of several chambers, each with its own unique features. The main chamber contains a statue of Khafre, while the other chambers contain offerings and artifacts that were used during ceremonies. The temple was also used as a place of worship, and visitors can still see the remains of the altar where offerings were made to the gods.
The Sphinx Temple is a testament to the ingenuity and skill of the ancient Egyptians. The temple was built using massive blocks of limestone, some of which weigh over 200 tons. The blocks were carefully cut and fitted together, creating a structure that has withstood the test of time.
Visiting the Great Sphinx and the Sphinx Temple is an unforgettable experience. The history and mystery surrounding these ancient structures are sure to leave a lasting impression on anyone who visits.
Visit the Giza Solar Boat Museum
While exploring the pyramids, be sure to visit the Giza Solar Boat Museum. This incredible museum houses the restored remains of a solar boat that was discovered in the 1980s. The boat was originally buried in a pit next to the Great Pyramid and was intended to transport the Pharaoh’s soul to the afterlife.
The Discovery of the Solar Boat
The solar boat was discovered in 1987 by a team of archaeologists who were excavating near the Great Pyramid. It was in remarkably good condition considering it had been buried for thousands of years.
The Significance of the Solar Boat
The solar boat is an important symbol of ancient Egyptian culture and religion. It was believed to have been used in the Pharaoh’s journey to the afterlife and was often buried with them in their tombs. Visitors can marvel at the boat’s intricate design and imagine what it would have been like to sail down the Nile in ancient times.
Aside from its religious significance, the solar boat also has practical importance. It was made from cedar wood, which was not native to Egypt, indicating that the ancient Egyptians had a complex trading network. The boat’s design is also impressive, with its sleek lines and intricate carvings. The boat was likely used for both practical purposes, such as transportation and fishing, as well as for ceremonial purposes.
Visitors to the museum can also learn about the restoration process of the solar boat. The restoration was a painstaking process that took several years to complete. The boat was carefully dismantled, and each piece was cleaned and treated to prevent further deterioration. The pieces were then reassembled using traditional techniques, such as wooden pegs and rope lashings.
Another interesting fact about the solar boat is that it was not the only one discovered near the pyramids. In fact, there are several others that have been found, although they are not as well-preserved as the one on display at the Giza Solar Boat Museum. These boats provide valuable insight into the ancient Egyptians’ relationship with the Nile and their advanced shipbuilding techniques.
Overall, a visit to the Giza Solar Boat Museum is a must for anyone interested in ancient Egyptian culture and history. The museum offers a fascinating glimpse into the past and allows visitors to appreciate the incredible craftsmanship and ingenuity of the ancient Egyptians.
Experience a Camel or Horseback Ride
If you’re looking for a unique and adventurous way to explore Giza, then consider a camel or horseback ride. There are many guided tours available that will take you through the desert and around the pyramids, giving you a unique perspective on this ancient landscape.
As you embark on your camel or horseback ride, you’ll feel a sense of excitement and anticipation. The gentle sway of the animal beneath you will lull you into a relaxed state as you take in the breathtaking views of the desert and the pyramids. You’ll feel a connection to the ancient Egyptians who once roamed these lands, and a sense of awe at the sheer size and grandeur of the pyramids.
Guided Tours and Routes
There are many companies that offer camel and horseback tours in Giza, so it’s important to do your research and find a reputable one. Many tours will take you through the desert to places like the Valley Temple or the Sphinx, while others will take you around the pyramids themselves.
One popular route is the Sunset Camel Ride, which takes you through the desert as the sun sets over the pyramids. The colors of the sky change from orange to pink to purple, creating a stunning backdrop for your ride. Another popular option is the Sunrise Horseback Ride, where you can watch the sun rise over the pyramids and the desert comes to life with the sounds of birds and animals.
Tips for a Safe and Enjoyable Ride
Riding a camel or horse can be a bit intimidating, especially if you’ve never done it before. It’s important to listen to your guide and follow their instructions to ensure a safe and enjoyable ride. Be sure to wear comfortable clothing and shoes and bring plenty of water to stay hydrated in the desert heat.
Your guide will give you a brief lesson on how to control your camel or horse, and before you know it, you’ll be riding like a pro. As you ride, you’ll feel a sense of freedom and adventure, and you’ll be able to see parts of the desert that are inaccessible by foot. You’ll also have the opportunity to take stunning photos and create memories that will last a lifetime.
Overall, a camel or horseback ride is a must-do experience in Giza. It’s a unique way to explore this ancient landscape and get a glimpse into the history and culture of Egypt. So, saddle up and get ready for an unforgettable adventure!
Enjoy a Traditional Egyptian Meal
No trip to Egypt would be complete without trying some of the delicious local cuisine. In Giza, there are many restaurants and cafes that serve traditional Egyptian dishes that are sure to please your taste buds.
Popular Local Dishes
Some of the most popular dishes in Egypt include falafel, koshari, and ful medames. Falafel is a deep-fried ball made from chickpeas or fava beans and is often served in a pita with vegetables and sauce. Koshari is a hearty mix of rice, macaroni, lentils, and tomato sauce that is perfect for a filling meal. Ful medames is a dish made from fava beans that is often served for breakfast with eggs.
Recommended Restaurants in Giza
There are many great restaurants in Giza that serve delicious Egyptian cuisine. Some popular options include Felfela, Abou Shakra, and El Dar Darak. Felfela is known for its falafel and other Middle Eastern dishes, while Abou Shakra is famous for its grilled dishes and kebabs. El Dar Darak is a great place to try traditional Egyptian dishes like koshari and ful medames.
Giza is a fascinating city with a rich history and plenty of exciting things to see and do. Whether you’re exploring the Great Pyramids, marveling at the Great Sphinx, or enjoying a traditional Egyptian meal, there’s something for everyone in Giza. So why not plan your visit today and experience one of the most incredible destinations in the world?